The best place for keen extreme tourists and wild plants harvesters.
Kamchatka is one of the most distant regions from the capital of Russia and one of the most underpopulated. The size of population here is slightly above 300 000 people. At the same time the area size of Kamchatski krai equals to that of Italy, Portugal, Netherlands, Belgium and two Luxemburg’s altogether.
Kamchatka is famous for its volcanoes (33 of which are still active), geysers and hot springs, salmon and mineral resources (among narrowly focused specialists). However, the main value of the peninsula is all these together and something bigger than them. The major thing Kamchatka can be proud for is its unspoilt nature.
Because of low population size Kamchatka’s nature didn’t suffer much of anthropogenic pressure and preserved its pristine wilderness, attraction and beauty. According to scientific data, there are about 70 natural monument on the southern part of the peninsula.
There are more than 140 thousand big and small rivers with a combined length of 350 thousand kilometers, more than 112 thousand lakes in Kamchatka. Altogether these make the largest salmon spawning ground in the world.
Salmon is a real fortune of the region. But not just salmon and mineral resources make Kamchatka ecosystems valuable. Kamchatka tundra and forests are sheer depository of treasures.
Harvesting for wild plants in Kamchatka begins late in spring, when light-green ramson appears from under the snow, and ends in the middle of autumn. Keen and professional harvesters gather bracken, cones of Siberian dwarf pine, different herbs, mushrooms and berries half a year non-stop.
Recently, harvesting wild plants became more difficult and dangerous because of growing brown bear population. The number of gatherers is declining for the last decade. On the other hand, there is an opinion that all those frightening rumors we made up by local dwellers, who know the market value of wild plants and who want to get rid of competitors.
Anyway, wild herbs, berries and mushrooms from Kamchatka are becoming more and more popular in both domestic market and international markets. Environmentally sustainable organic food is in-demand across Asia, Europe and North America.